The People of South Dayi District – Language and Culture
The people of South Dayi are very homogeneous in terms of language and culture. All the people of the four traditional areas, namely Peki, Tongor, Kpalime and Kpeve speak the same language, which is Ewe and their culture is virtually the same. They are well united under their traditional leaders; hence they recognize and respect chieftaincy as a unifying institution
Population Size and Growth Rate
The South Dayi District came into existence after the 2000 Population and Housing Census. The population of the District is therefore the added populations of the settlements which were in the then Dayi Local Council (1984) and the Kpandu District (2000) which are now settlements in the newly created South Dayi District. This is shown in the table 1.8 below.
According to the 2000 Population and Housing Census, the total population of South Dayi 37,502 with 47% and 53% being males and females respectively.
In consultation with the Regional office of the Ghana Statistical Service it was agreed that the regional growth rate of 1.9 % be used to make population projection for the district.
Using this growth rate of 1.9 % and 2000 population figure as base year, the projected population of South Dayi District is shown below.
Spatial Distribution of Population
Table 1.8 shows the various settlements within the district. The most populous settlement is Peki-Avetile. The Peki towns form close chain of settlements together with the other towns. Peki is found along the foothills of the Akwapim- Togo- Atakora Ranges. The settlements distribution is therefore dictated by the physical features as well as the Hohoe-Asikuma road corridor running through the area.
The other less populous settlements in the District, particularly in the Tongor-Kpalime Area Coucil, are evenly distributed around the hills and along the banks of the Volta Lake.
With a total land area of 1000 sq. km. being occupied by 45,268 persons in 2010, the population density of the District is around 45 persons per square kilometer. Almost 50% of the total population of the entire District is concentrated in the Peki area
Age – Sex Structure
The district has a young dependent population of 0-14 years forming 41.1% of the total population, while the non-dependent population of 15-59 forms 50%, and the older age segment of 65+ form 6.2%.
Among the 0-14 age group, males account for 42.7% with females constituting 57.3%. Among the working age group of 15-59 years, the males constitute 49.4% whiles the females 50.6%.
The pre-school age of 0-4 years form 13.9% of the total population; while those in the primary school going age (5-9) constitute 14.9%. The Junior High School age group of 10-14 years makes up 12.3% of the population.
The age structure of the District’s population where the 0-4 and 5-9 constitutes the largest cohort is an indication of high fertility regime, and there is the need to continue to educate couples on family planning.
Rural – Urban Split
Nearly 75% of the people in the District live in the rural areas. Towns like Peki-Avetile and a number of towns in the Peki traditional area, the Volta Lake market port of Dzemeni are fast becoming urban localities in the District.
Christianity is the predominant religious group in the District, taking nearly 92% of the population with other faiths, especially Islam (2.3%) and traditional religions making the rest.
Majority (62%) of the economically active population (aged 15 years and above) are engaged in farming and fishing. A small percentage (0.2%) are engaged in administration and clerical work while about 10% are engaged in retail and other trading activities involving mostly women.
The average size of a household is about 6, which is normal in most rural settlements in Ghana.
Household Income and Expenditure
As majority of the people are engaged in subsistence farming (about 62%), incomes are rather low .The average household annual income is about GH¢1,000.00 and for an average household of six, the Per Capita District Income is therefore GH¢166.00
The economically active population with this annual income spends 55% of it on food, 7.5% and 7.2% on clothing and education respectively.
This suggests that poverty is mostly entrenched among farmers, mostly food crop farmers.
Greater attention must therefore be focused on ways to assist food crop farmers to improve their income levels as a poverty reduction strategy.
Energy and Fuel
About 80% of households in the District have access to electricity. About 94% of the households use charcoal or firewood for cooking with serious implications on the environment.
There are four filling stations in the District, one each at Kpeve, Peki, Tsanakpe and Dzemeni and surface tank delivery points at Dzemeni, Todome, Tsame, Wudome, Kpeve and Peki market.
Important festivals unifying the various traditional areas and during which most of the development projects that are initiated by the people are done include:
Hierarchy of Settlements:
In terms of population and service delivery function, Peki-Avetile and Dzake are ranked first and second respectively in the whole District. It can be said that the Peki Town Council with a total population of 24,552 (2010 projected figure) has the highest concentration of population and service delivery functions in the district.
Kpeve, now the capital of the District, is assuming a very important role in administrative and commercial functions despite its relatively small population size.
Surface Accessibility to Facilities and Services
Due to the small size of the District and its relatively good road network and condition, physical accessibility to services and facilities (such as health, postal and telecommunication services, agriculture extension, banking, police, marketing centres) by majority of the people is very high.
The District’s strategic location makes it the gateway between the south and north of the region as well as the regional and national capitals, linked by first class trunk roads. However, the condition of the feeder roads is generally poor.
The Volta Lake marketing port of Dzemeni provides accessible water transport route to other parts of the country.
Refer to pdf file attached for tables.